The Zika virus is frightening. It seems like every day there are more cases of it in the United States. The best thing you can do is learn as much as you can about it. The following facts will help you understand what it is, what it can do, and how to protect yourself.
#1: Mosquitos Are Most Likely to Spread It
Mosquitos are what carries the Zika virus the most. So far, there has been one case of the Zika virus being transmitted through sexual intercourse. As more people become infected with the virus, the chances of catching it from someone will be higher.
#2: Symptoms Are Mild
The good news is that most people who are infected with the Zika virus never experience any symptoms, and if they do, they are mild. The most common symptoms of the virus are fever, rash, muscle pain, joint pain, headache, and conjunctivitis. These symptoms last for about a week and then go away on its own.
#3: Fetuses Are More at Risk
The Zika virus harms fetuses the most. As they are developing in the womb, the Zika virus can cause a condition call microcephaly. It causes the baby to have a small head and brain.
You probably know of the story of Jose Wesley, who was born with microcephaly. He appears to have no head, and continues to live despite the predictions doctors had about his longevity. Babies who are born with this physical disability often have heart problems, blindness and are hearing impaired as well.
#4: Zika Has Been Around for a Long Time
Zika was first discovered in 1947 in Africa. The problem is that when it was discovered, researchers thought it couldn’t harm people. Around the 1950s to 1980s, many people started to see the virus more in people. It’s not until now that they’ve finally pinpointed how it’s affected fetuses.
#5: The Zika Virus Is Spreading
It started in Africa and then went to South America. It spread much like it has to the United States. People from South America travelled to Africa, were bitten, and then were bitten by mosquitos in South America. The last known location of the mosquitos carrying the Zika Virus is Puerto Rico. This may mean the mosquitoes are travelling north, and may be in the United States soon.
#6: Mosquitos Pass It Between Each Other
More mosquitoes contract the virus by biting each other. Mosquitos do this often, and it could be the reason for the huge outbreak that’s occurred.
#7: People Are Bringing It Back from Other Countries
There are 30 countries that have been identified with the Zika virus outbreak. Americans are urged not to visit these countries, especially if they are pregnant. By limiting the exposure, it can keep the virus from coming to the United States and infect Americans.
#8: Inspect Repellant Can Help
For anyone travelling to one of the 30 countries, it’s important to use insect repellant. It can help fend off the mosquitos that carry the virus.
#9: Mosquitos Control Can Decrease the Chances of Zika Virus in the U.S.
As the spring approaches, it’s important for cities to consider adequate moisture control. By limiting the number of mosquitos in the area, there’s less of a chance the virus will be spread.
#10: Mosquitos in the U.S. Can Get It from Infected Individuals
As more people become infected with the Zika virus, mosquitos will bite them and transmit it to others. This will make the Zika
This is the reason the United States is requiring all people who have visited one of the 30 countries to be tested for the virus before entering. The only way to gain control over the spread of this virus is to keep it contained in certain areas. This way only the people who are living in them will be at risk.
A Vaccination Is in the Making
Researchers are busy working on a vaccine for the Zika virus. This vaccine will prevent the virus from its horrifying effects on fetuses. The vaccination will need to be safe for pregnant women and the fetus, so many studies will need to be conducted. It may be a while before a vaccine is available. Until then, stay away from the identified countries, and use insect repellent.